A turnip is a single root vegetable, which you can also call a fruit. It is used to eat vegetables and salad. In the plains, the turnip crop is ready in the winter season. Its consumption is beneficial in diseases of cancer, heart disease, inflammation and blood pressure. In addition, vitamin C found in turnips strengthens the body’s immune system. It is a tuber root crop, so the choice of land for its cultivation should be made carefully.
Turnips are harvested to obtain roots and leaves. It is rich in vitamin C in the origins and folate, calcium, vitamin A, vitamin K, and vitamin C in the leaves. But its leaves are bitter, so it should be boiled and eaten. It is also a nutritious food in the form of fodder for animals. In India, turnip is cultivated in almost all areas.
The cultivation of turnips requires sandy loam or sandy soil. Do not grow turnip crops in hard and smooth soil because the roots of its fruits are inside the ground, so soft land is needed. In addition, its cultivation requires a cool climate, and the temperature should be 20 to 25 degrees. Moreover, for land preparation John Deere 5310 are best and affordable for farmers.
In turnip cultivation, friable soil is required, for this first deep ploughing of the field should be done. Due to this, the remains of the old crop in the area are destroyed. Leave the field open for some time to allow sunlight to penetrate the soil of the ploughed field. After this, give 250 to 300 quintals of old rotten dung manure or vermicompost. After ploughing well, mix the waste in the soil well.
The soil mixed with manure is pulverised by applying water after ploughing the ground, pushing the dirt with a rotavator, making the earth friable. After this, the field is levelled by putting a pat. Apart from this, give 50 kg phosphorus, 100 kg nitrogen and 50 kg potash in chemical fertiliser at the time of the last ploughing in the field.
September to October is the best month for transplanting turnip seeds, while in hilly areas, plants can be planted from July to October. The seeds are produced in the prepared row in the field, in which there is a distance of 30 to 40 cm between each row, and each seed is planted at a distance of 10 to 15 cm at a depth of 2 to 3 cm. About 3 to 4 KG seeds are produced in a one-hectare field. The amount of these seeds per kg is treated with 3 GM Bavistin or Captain solution before sowing. Moreover, for planting seeds implements are used and for handling implements Powertrac euro 50 is used efficiently.
Irrigation & weed control
The first irrigation of turnip plants is done 8 to 10 days after sowing the seeds, and if needed, the plants should be watered at an interval of 10 to 15 days.
Special attention has to be paid to weeds in its crop. For this wedding of plants is done. Turnip crop is ready in 2 to 3 hoeing. Weeding- In addition to weeding, mix 3 litres of Pendimethalin in 800 to 900 litres of water and spray it in the field per hectare after two days of sowing.
Pest and disease prevention in turnip crop
To prevent disease
Fungal diseases like blight and yellow illness are found in the turnip crop, so only disease-resistant varieties should be planted in the field, and the seeds must be treated. Along with this, remove the diseased plants by rooting them, and make a solution of 0.2 per cent of M 45 or Z 78 per hectare in the field and spray it.
To protect against pests
Insect diseases attack turnip crops in the form of caterpillars, hairy worms, and flies. To prevent the attack of this insect disease, sprinkle 1 litre Malathion in 700 to 800 litres of water and spray it in the field. Apart from this, mix 1.5 litres of Endosulfan with the same amount of water and pour it per hectare area.
Digging of turnip crops is done from time to time as per the need. You can harvest the leaves 20 to 25 days after sowing the seeds and wait for them to ripen correctly to remove the roots so that the root’s taste does not change. Depending on the variety, its origins are ready for digging in 50 to 70 days. Use a shovel or shovel to remove the roots from the ground.
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